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The shared signal hypothesis: Effects of emotion-gaze congruency in infant and adult visual preferences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23331103     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, 4-month-old infants' and adults' spontaneous preferences for emotional and neutral displays with direct and averted gaze are investigated using visual preference paradigms. Specifically, by presenting two approach-oriented emotions (happiness and anger) and two avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness), we asked whether the pattern of emotion-gaze interaction suggested by the shared signal hypothesis (SSH) would also be found with this paradigm. Both age groups demonstrated an ability to discern the approach- and avoidance-oriented emotions, matching them with direct and averted gaze, respectively. Nonetheless, infants showed a greater sensitivity for the congruent emotion-gaze combination in the approach-oriented emotions, while adults were equally sensitive to the gaze-expression congruence for both the approach- and avoidance-oriented emotions. In a follow-up experiment, infants showed no preference for direct or averted gaze in the context of neutral faces. We conclude that the SSH may have validity from infancy, gradually extending from approach-oriented emotions to avoidance-oriented emotions over the course of development.
Authors:
Silvia Rigato; Enrica Menon; Teresa Farroni; Mark H Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-11-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of developmental psychology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0261-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308022     Medline TA:  Br J Dev Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The British Psychological Society.
Affiliation:
Goldsmiths, University of London, UK Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, University of Padua, Italy.
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