Document Detail


The segregation of items into categories by ten-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4075875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
2 experiments were conducted investigating infants' use of structural relations (i.e., correlated attribute values) in dividing or segregating items into categories. Rosch argued that attribute values do not occur in all possible combinations in the real world. Even though values of attributes may vary continuously across objects, some combinations are more likely to occur than others, forming breaks or discontinuities between clusters of correlated values. Within a well-controlled laboratory context, using artificial categories and a standard infant-recognition memory procedure, the present experiments demonstrated 10-month-old infants' sensitivity to structural information like that proposed by Rosch to exist in the real world, and their ability to segregate items into categories on the basis of clusters of correlated attribute values.
Authors:
B A Younger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1985 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-31     Completed Date:  1986-01-31     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1574-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Discrimination Learning*
Female
Form Perception*
Humans
Infant
Male
Memory*
Mental Recall*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Set (Psychology)
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-15035/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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