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Is science metaphysically neutral?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22771725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper challenges the claim that science is metaphysically neutral upheld by contenders of the separation of peacefully co-existent science and religion and by evolutionary theists. True, naturalistic metaphysical claims can neither be refuted nor proved and are thus distinct from empirical hypotheses. However, metaphysical assumptions not only regulate the theoretical and empirical study of nature, but are increasingly supported by the growing empirical body of science. This historically evolving interaction has contributed to the development of a naturalistic worldview that renounces the necessity of a transcendent god and of purposeful design. The thesis presented here differs not only from the claims of the "separatists" and of evolutionary theists. In pointing to the metaphysical aspects of science, I also criticize the failure of some evolutionary naturalists to distinguish between empirical and metaphysical contentions. Most important, based on the examination of science suggested here, creationists' false accusation that science is only a naturalistic dogma is refuted. Finally, the difficulties involved in the position endorsed here for the public support of evolution are acknowledged, taking into account the high religious profile of the American society and the social and political context in the US and in other countries.
Authors:
Iris Fry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1879-2499     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9810965     Medline TA:  Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  665-673     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Humanities and Arts, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel.
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