Document Detail

The safe establishment of a transseptal portal in the posterior knee.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21311859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to determine the dimensions of the posterior compartments and the location of the popliteal artery with regard to the posterior septum by magnetic resonance arthrography; (2) to assess the effect of demographic factors on the measurements taken; and (3) to find a safe means of establishing the transseptal portal. METHODS: Thirty magnetic resonance arthrographies taken in 90° of flexion were evaluated to simulate knee position during arthroscopic surgery. Coronal and axial images were obtained in positions parallel and perpendicular to the long axis of the tibia, respectively. The anterior-to-posterior dimensions of the posteromedial and posterolateral compartments and popliteal artery locations were measured in the safe zone to establish transseptal portals. These dimensions were measured in axial images corresponding to the mid-PCL level. RESULTS: The average anterior-to-posterior dimension was 11.7 ± 2.9 mm in the posteromedial compartment versus 7.9 ± 1.8 mm in the posterolateral compartment. The anterior-to-posterior dimension was consistently greater in the posteromedial compartment, and the average ratio of the two dimensions was 1.5 ± 0.3. The average posterior deviation of the popliteal artery from the PCL was 27.1 ± 4.8 mm. The popliteal artery was always located lateral to the septum, and the lateral deviation on averaged measured 10.2 ± 4.0 mm. CONCLUSIONS: The safe margin of the posteromedial compartment is consistently wider than that of the posterolateral compartment, and the popliteal artery is consistently located lateral to the posterior septum. Therefore, injury to the popliteal artery can be avoided when penetrating the septum lateral to medial direction, even if the penetrating stick slips posteriorly. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic study, Level IV.
Sung-Jae Kim; Ho-Taek Song; Hong-Kyo Moon; Yong-Min Chun; Woo-Hyuk Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, Republic of Korea.
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