Document Detail

The roles of the three gene copies encoding hydroxylamine oxidoreductase in Nitrosomonas europaea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12420168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The nitrifying bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea contains three copies of the gene (hao) encoding hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO), the second enzyme in the nitrification pathway which oxidizes NH(2)OH to NO(2)(-). The nucleotide sequences of the hao genes differ by only one nucleotide. Two of the three gene copies have identical promoter sequences, while the third promoter has a different nucleotide sequence. Mutant strains with two of the three copies of hao inactivated were created by insertional inactivation, using DNA cassettes containing kanamycin- and gentamycin-resistance genes. All three double-mutant combinations were obtained. These double mutants were phenotypically identical under the conditions tested. Two of these double mutants were similar to wild-type cells or cells having a single hao copy inactivated regarding growth rates or hydroxylamine-dependent O(2) uptake activity, but had only about 50% of the wild-type level of in vitro HAO activity and hao mRNA. The third hao double mutant had an unstable genotype, resulting in recombination of the gentamycin marker into another copy of hao. The N. europaea genomic sequence was recently completed, revealing the locations of the copies of hao and other nitrification genes. Comparison with the arrangement of hao genes in the closely related strain, Nitrosomonas sp. strain ENI-11, showed a similar organization.
Norman G Hommes; Luis A Sayavedra-Soto; Daniel J Arp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2002-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of microbiology     Volume:  178     ISSN:  0302-8933     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-06     Completed Date:  2003-06-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410427     Medline TA:  Arch Microbiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  471-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Genes, Bacterial
Genome, Bacterial
Nitrosomonas / enzymology,  genetics*,  metabolism
Oxidoreductases / genetics*
RNA, Bacterial / genetics
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/RNA, Bacterial; 0/RNA, Messenger; EC 1.-/Oxidoreductases; EC oxidase

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