Document Detail


The role of the transvenous catheter electrophysiologic study in the evaluation and management of ventricular tachyarrhythmias associated with ischemic heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12438828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The transvenous-catheter electrophysiologic (EP) study has occupied a central position in the investigation and management of patients with ischemic heart disease and a propensity to ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) for more than 25 years. However, demonstration of the superiority of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) compared to other approaches to the management of VT/VF has resulted in a decrease in the frequency of use of the EP study in these patients. Nevertheless, the EP study remains a value-added procedure for many patients in this setting. These advantages include demonstration that the clinical arrhythmia is VT/VF when the diagnosis is uncertain, identification of those patients whose VT/VF is actually the result of a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, identification of VT mechanisms readily amenable to catheter ablation, assessment of the response of a patient's VT to attempts at pace-termination, evaluation of candidacy for ablative VT therapy, prediction of the efficacy of approaches to prevention of VT/VF episodes, risk stratification of patients who have not yet experienced a sustained episode of VT/VF, and continued enhancement of our understanding of the mechanisms and therapeutics of VT/VF. The purpose of this review is to outline our present understanding of the techniques and indications for an EP study in patients with ischemic heart disease.
Authors:
L Brent Mitchell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiac electrophysiology review     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1385-2264     ISO Abbreviation:  Card Electrophysiol Rev     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-19     Completed Date:  2003-05-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9708907     Medline TA:  Card Electrophysiol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  458-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiac Science, Calgary Health Region, Foothills Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. brent.mitchell@calgaryhealthregion.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Catheter Ablation / methods
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac / methods*
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Female
Heart Catheterization / methods
Humans
Male
Myocardial Ischemia / complications,  diagnosis*,  therapy
Prognosis
Risk Assessment
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tachycardia, Ventricular / complications,  diagnosis*,  surgery*
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Fibrillation / complications,  diagnosis,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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