Document Detail

The role of schoolmates' smoking and non-smoking in adolescents' smoking transitions: a longitudinal study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17854343     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: The first longitudinal investigation of the extent to which same-age and older schoolmates' smoking and non-smoking are associated with adolescents' smoking transitions during three grade intervals. DESIGN: Same-age and older schoolmates' smoking and non-smoking were assessed when adolescents were at grades 5 (age 10), 7 (age 12) and 9 (age 14). Adolescents' smoking transitions were assessed at three grade intervals: 5th-7th (age 10-12), 7th-9th (age 12-14) and 9th-12th (age 14-17). SETTING: Forty Washington State school districts. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Smoking questionnaire data were gathered on a cohort of adolescents (n = 4354 for same-age schoolmate analysis; n = 1833 for older schoolmate analysis) that was 49% female and 91% Caucasian. FINDINGS: No significant evidence that same-age schoolmates' smoking or non-smoking was associated with any of the adolescent smoking transitions at any of the three grade intervals. In contrast, the probability that each older schoolmate's smoking was associated with the adolescent making the transition to trying smoking was 1% (95% CI: 0.4%, 1.5%) and with the transition from trying to monthly smoking was also 1% (95% CI: 0.2%, 2.0%) during the 7th-9th grade (age 12-14) interval. Moreover, each older schoolmate's non-smoking was associated with a 1.001-1.006 (all P < 0.05) relative risk of an adolescent not trying smoking or escalating from trying to monthly smoking at several grade intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions should perhaps focus on the influence of both smoking and non-smoking older schoolmates during late childhood and early adolescence.
Jonathan B Bricker; M Robyn Andersen; K Bharat Rajan; Irwin G Sarason; Arthur V Peterson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0965-2140     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-14     Completed Date:  2007-12-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1665-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cancer Prevention Research Program, Division of Public Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Attitude to Health*
Health Education
Longitudinal Studies
Peer Group
Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Students / psychology*
Washington / epidemiology
Grant Support

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