Document Detail

The role of relative motion computation in 'direction repulsion'.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10683459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
When two sets of intermixed dots move in different directions the perceived direction of each is considerably shifted [Marshak & Sekuler (1979). Science, 205, 1399-1401; Mather & Moulden, (1980). Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32, 325-333)]. This phenomenon has been attributed to 'repulsive' interactions between channels tuned to different directions of motion. However, we report that it is not only the relative direction, but also the density and speed of the sets, which determines the magnitude of the apparent shift. These results are difficult to reconcile with the notion of 'repulsive' interactions, and we describe an alternative, functionally motivated explanation. In the natural environment, observed motion results from objects moving over background surfaces that may themselves be mobile. Disentanglement of motion signals therefore necessitates a computation of relative motion. We propose that the phenomenon of 'direction repulsion' results from a deliberate adjustment of observed motion to compensate for an inferred source of 'background' motion. A simple scheme to do this subtracts the weighted vector-sum of all motion signals from observed motion. This relative motion computation quantitatively predicts the observed effects of the density of dot sets on perceived direction. The effects of speed cannot be reconciled with the scheme as it stands, but this could be due to the model's failure to consider the effect of temporal frequency on the effective contrast of the sets.
S C Dakin; I Mareschal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-20     Completed Date:  2000-07-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  833-41     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Visual Science, Institute of Ophthalmology, 11-43 Bath Street, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Models, Psychological
Motion Perception / physiology*
Optical Illusions / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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