Document Detail


The role of postoperative patient posture in the recurrence of traumatic chronic subdural hematoma after burr-hole surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17986941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most common types of intracranial hemorrhage, especially in the elderly, with a significant recurrence rate ranging from 9.2 to 26.5%. The role of postoperative patient posture in the recurrence of CSDH has not been studied sufficiently. METHODS: A total of 84 consecutive patients with unilateral traumatic CSDH without known risk factors of CSDH recurrence were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent burr-hole surgery with closed system drainage and were then allocated randomly to either of two groups: Group A (n = 42) patients were kept in a supine position for 3 days after the operation, whereas Group B (n = 42) patients assumed a sitting position in bed, with the head of the bed elevated to 30 to 40 degrees, for the same duration as Group A. After 3 days, there was no restriction in patients' activities in both groups. All patients were followed-up for at least 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: The groups were not significantly different in age, sex, presence of brain atrophy or hydrocephalus, preoperative hematoma width, and postsurgery subdural space width. The recurrence rate in Groups A and B were 2.3 and 19.0% (necessitating repeat surgery in one patient), respectively (P = 0.02). Other complications in Groups A and B, respectively, were atelectasis (10 versus seven; P = 0.41), pneumonia (five versus four; P = 0.72), decubitus ulcer (three versus two; P = 0.64), and deep vein thrombosis (zero versus one; P = 0.31). CONCLUSION: Assuming an upright posture soon after burr-hole surgery was associated with a significantly increased incidence of CSDH recurrence but not with a significant change in other position-related postsurgical complications. According to this result, it is not recommended that elderly patients assume an upright posture soon after burr-hole surgery to prevent postoperative atelectasis and dementia, as these might significantly increase the risk of CSDH recurrence.
Authors:
Mehdi Abouzari; Armin Rashidi; Jalal Rezaii; Khalil Esfandiari; Marjan Asadollahi; Hamideh Aleali; Mehdi Abdollahzadeh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1524-4040     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurgery     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-07     Completed Date:  2007-12-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  794-7; discussion 797     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Amir-Alam Hospital, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. maboozari@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neurosurgical Procedures / adverse effects*
Postoperative Care / methods
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Posture* / physiology
Recurrence / prevention & control
Skull / surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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