Document Detail

The role of phagocytosis in IL-8 production by human monocytes in response to lipoproteins on Staphylococcus aureus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21333631     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Cytokine responses to microbes are triggered by pattern recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Cell wall-associated triacylated lipoproteins in Staphylococcus aureus are known to be native TLR2 ligands that mediate host inflammatory responses against S. aureus. However, the mechanism by which these lipidated lipoproteins, which are buried under the thick S. aureus cell wall, work to stimulate TLR2 remains unclear. Heat-killed wild type S. aureus cells activated human monocytic THP-1 cells to produce proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-8, whereas the lipoprotein lipidation-deficient lgt mutant induced less than an eighth of the amount of IL-8 induced by the wild type. IL-8 induction in response to heat-killed S. aureus cells in THP-1 cells was not inhibited by a blocking antibody against cell surface TLR2, suggesting that intracellular TLR2 might be involved in the induction of IL-8 by S. aureus lipoprotein. The relationship between phagocytosis and IL-8 production in THP-1 cells was analyzed on a single-cell level by flow cytometry using fluorescein-labeled S. aureus cells and phycoerythrin-labeled anti-IL-8 antibody. Production of intracellular IL-8 was correlated with phagocytosis of S. aureus cells in THP-1 cells and in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Opsonization of S. aureus cells enhanced both the phagocytosis of S. aureus cells and the production of intracellular IL-8 in THP-1 cells. These results suggest that lipidated lipoproteins on S. aureus cells stimulate human monocytes after phagocytosis.
Hee Jung Kang; Jeong-Mi Ha; Han Sung Kim; Haneulnari Lee; Kenji Kurokawa; Bok Luel Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical and biophysical research communications     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2104     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372516     Medline TA:  Biochem Biophys Res Commun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Dept. of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang-si 431-070, Korea.
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