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The role of noninvasive ventilation in the ventilator discontinuation process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in the post-extubation period to shorten the length of invasive ventilation, to prevent extubation failure, and to rescue a failed extubation. The purpose of this review is to summarize the evidence related to the use of NIV in these settings. NIV can be used to allow earlier extubation in selected patients who do not successfully complete a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT). Its use in this setting should be restricted to patients who are intubated during an exacerbation of COPD or patients with neuromuscular disease. This category of patients should be good candidates for NIV and should be extubated directly to NIV. In patients who successfully complete an SBT, but are at risk for extubation failure, NIV can be used to prevent extubation failure. These patients should also be good candidates for NIV and should be extubated directly to NIV. NIV should be used cautiously in patients who successfully complete an SBT, but develop respiratory failure within 48 hours post-extubation. In this setting, NIV is indicated only in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure. Reintubation should not be delayed if NIV is not immediately successful in reversing the post-extubation respiratory failure. Evidence does not support routine use of NIV post-extubation.
Authors:
Dean R Hess
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0020-1324     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1619-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Respiratory Care Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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