Document Detail


[The role of neutrophils in the formation of peritoneal adhesions].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23096515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The use of antibiotics during peritonitis appears to decrease the formation of postoperative intra peritoneal adhesions and reduce their severity. The effect of this antibiotic is still controversial.
AIM: To study the relationship between the decrease postoperative adhesions induced by rifamycin, and the number of neutrophils and the number of intraperitoneal bacteria.
METHODS: This is an experimental prospective, randomized singleblind study performed on adult male rats. The product used for the peritoneal lavage was rifamycin s. The animals were randomized into three groups: Group S: intra peritoneal lavage with saline to 9%, R25 Group: intra peritoneal lavage with rifamycin at a dose of 25 mg / kg group and 12.5 R: intra peritoneal lavage with rifamycin at a dose of 12.5 mg / kg. Adhesions score was evaluated according to Zulkhé by the same operator.
RESULTS: The adhesion score was significantly lower between groups S and R12.5 (p = 0.000) and group S and group R25 (P = 0.01). However, the difference was not significant between the two groups R 25 and R12.5 compared to S group (p = 0.655). The number of bacteria between the time of caecal resection (before peritoneal lavage) and the time of death or sacrifice was significantly decreased significantly in the groups R25, comparing the group S (p = 0.003). However, there is no significant difference between groups S and R12, 5 (p = 0.106). The number of neutrophils between the time of cecal resection (before peritoneal lavage) and the time of death or sacrifice decreased significantly in the groups R25 and R12, 5 in comparison to the group S. Between the group R25 and the S group, the difference is significant (p = 0.037) as well between the group R12, 5 and S (p = 0.026). However, there is no significant difference between the two groups R 25 and R12, 5 (p = 0.712).
CONCLUSION: The action of rifamycin sodium on neutrophils seems to be independent of its antibacterial action. These findings deserve to be explored at the end to clarify the mechanism of neutropenia by intra peritoneal washing with rifamycin and the relationship between neutropenia and post-operative adhesions.
Authors:
Mohamed Jallouli; Ahmed Hakim; Abir Znazen; Yosr Chaabouni; Zouheir Sahnoun; Adnene Hammami; Khaled Zeghal; Riadh Mhiri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  La Tunisie médicale     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0041-4131     ISO Abbreviation:  Tunis Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-25     Completed Date:  2013-03-12     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413766     Medline TA:  Tunis Med     Country:  Tunisia    
Other Details:
Languages:  fre     Pagination:  730-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Vernacular Title:
Rôle des polynucléaires neutrophiles dans la formation des adhérences post opératoires.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
Male
Neutrophils / metabolism*
Peritoneal Diseases / metabolism*
Peritoneal Lavage*
Random Allocation
Rats
Rifamycins / administration & dosage
Tissue Adhesions / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Rifamycins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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