Document Detail

The role of negative reinforcement in infant caregiving: an experimental simulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21709785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We observed 11 undergraduates in an experiment designed to simulate infant caregiving. In negative reinforcement conditions experienced by all participants, a targeted caregiving response (e.g., rocking a baby doll) produced escape from, and avoidance of, a recorded infant cry. Nine participants' caregiving was shown to be controlled by this negative reinforcement contingency. Nine participants experienced an extinction condition that consisted of an inescapable cry, and the previously reinforced caregiving responses of 2 of these participants were resistant to extinction. For both of these participants, the previously reinforced response was eliminated when an alternative form of caregiving was reinforced. These results highlight the role of negative reinforcement in infant caregiving and suggest the need for additional research on the effects of crying on caregivers as well as the development of effective strategies for minimizing infant crying.
Rachel H Thompson; Jennifer L Bruzek; Nicole M Cotnoir-Bichelman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1938-3703     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-28     Completed Date:  2011-10-25     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  295-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Kansas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Caregivers / psychology*
Computer Simulation*
Crying / physiology
Extinction, Psychological
Play and Playthings
Reinforcement (Psychology)*

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