Document Detail


The role of motivation in the performance of conditioned reflex switching of a maze skill in response to substitution of food reward quality in ants of the species Myrmica rubra.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17024335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The characteristics of learning in ants - active Myrmica rubra foragers - were studied in a maze at different levels of colony carbohydrate food need with reinforcement consisting of carbohydrate (sugar syrup) or protein (pupae of Lasius niger ants). Measures of the maze skill during learning reinforced with syrup were somewhat worse than those during learning reinforced with pupae, especially in terms of time-based measures. Ants were able to modify the acquired conditioned reflex reaction when the quality of reinforcement changed. At high levels of food need (" hungry" colony), substitution of syrup with larvae and vice versa was followed by transformation of the previously formed skill; this occurred at both experimental periods (training and testing). At low levels of motivation ("sated colony"), the optimized maze habit formed with protein reinforcement was replaced in the test with carbohydrate reinforcement by a "stochastic," unoptimized behavior with a dominance of investigative activity. These experiments demonstrated that conditioned reflex switching can occur in higher social insects - ants - in which the different forms depend on the level of colony need for food and, respectively, on the level of social food-related motivation of forager ants. The special importance of using the switch activating the corresponding motivational system before changing the reinforcement food quality is emphasized.
Authors:
G P Udalova; A Ya Karas'
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience and behavioral physiology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0097-0549     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosci. Behav. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-06     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330471     Medline TA:  Neurosci Behav Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  961-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Ants / physiology*
Behavior, Animal
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Maze Learning / physiology*
Motivation*
Movement / physiology*
Reward*

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