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The role of the immuno-inflammatory response in patients after cardiac arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22291797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the research was to assess whether concentrations of inflammatory markers in blood of patients after cardiac arrest (CA) are related to their clinical state and survival.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six patients, aged 63 ±12 years, 21 of them after out-of-hospital CA and 25 after in-hospital CA, were enrolled in the study. Twenty-five patients survived and were discharged from hospital (CA-S); 21 died during hospitalization (CA-D). The clinical state of the patients was evaluated by the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II). On the day immediately after CA (day 1) and on the following day (day 2) the plasma concentration of high specific C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-10 and interleukin-6 (Ile-6) were measured.
RESULTS: In CA-D patients, compared with CA-S, a significantly higher concentration of hs-CRP (on day 1, 19 ±5 vs. 15 ±4; on day 2, 21 ±3 vs. 16 ±5 mg/l, p < 0.001) and Ile-6 (on day 1, 24.9 ±19.8 vs. 9.2 ±11.3; on day 2, 24.2 ±19.7 vs. 6.9 ±6.8 IU/ml, p < 0.001) was found. The level of TNF-α was greater in CA-D on day 1 (0.42 ±0.75 vs. 0.18 ±0.21 IU/ml, p < 0.04). Concentrations of hs-CRP and Ile-6 were correlated with the scores of GCS and APACHE II. Using logistic regression analysis and ROC curves the prognostic value of hs-CRP and Ile-6 for survival was proven.
CONCLUSIONS: Post-cardiac arrest immuno-inflammatory response, reflected mainly in elevated plasma concentration of hs-CRP and Ile-6, is not only correlated with patients' clinical state but also with prediction of survival.
Anna Samborska-Sablik; Zbigniew Sablik; Wojciech Gaszynski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-09-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of medical science : AMS     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1896-9151     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Med Sci     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-31     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101258257     Medline TA:  Arch Med Sci     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  619-26     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine, Chair of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.
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