Document Detail

The role of hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase in ovariectomy-induced obesity in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20613671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as a cellular energy sensor, being activated during states of low energy charge. Hypothalamic AMPK is altered by hormonal and metabolic signals and mediates the feeding response. The aims of this study were to examine whether the phosphorylation of AMPKα in the hypothalamus is affected by ovariectomy (Ovx) and thus would be involved in the development of obesity in rats.
METHODS: Body weight, food intake, hypothalamic phosphorylated AMPKα (pAMPKα) protein expression, and plasma leptin and adiponectin levels were measured in female rats after either Ovx or sham operations. These patterns were also observed after treatment with 17β-estradiol, compound C, and leptin in Ovx rats.
RESULTS: Compared with control rats, Ovx led to increased body weight and food intake at 2 to 8 weeks after operation. Meanwhile, plasma leptin and adiponectin levels and hypothalamic pAMPKα expression were significantly increased after Ovx. Replacement of estradiol significantly reversed these effects. Treatment with compound C, an AMPKα inhibitor, for 1 week produced a reduction in food intake, body weight, and plasma leptin and adiponectin levels. Meanwhile, these effects were reversed upon withdrawal of compound C. In addition, central injection of leptin also significantly reduced body weight, food intake, plasma leptin and adiponectin levels, and hypothalamic pAMPKα expression relative to those of the Ovx group.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased hypothalamic pAMPKα expression may contribute to hyperphagia during the development of Ovx-induced obesity in rats.
Yung-Chieh Tsai; Yen-Mei Lee; Kwok-Keung Lam; Yu-Chuan Wu; Mao-Hsiung Yen; Pao-Yun Cheng
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Menopause (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1530-0374     ISO Abbreviation:  Menopause     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433353     Medline TA:  Menopause     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1194-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Reproductive Medicine, Chi Mei Foundation Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
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