Document Detail

On the role of hippocampal connections in the performance of place and cue tasks: comparisons with damage to hippocampus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6439229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Behavioral changes following interruption of the main connections of hippocampus and closely related areas (entorhinal cortex, mammillary bodies, dentate gyrus) were determined and compared with findings of previous research that involved direct damage to hippocampus. By a within-subjects design, rats were trained to run in a radial maze with a procedure that involved two kinds of learning (place and cue) and two memory functions (working and reference memory). Rats with fimbria-fornix and entorhinal cortex lesions were impaired on both the place and the cue task. Specifically, the animals suffered a general impairment in working memory on both tasks but were impaired in reference memory only on the place task. Animals with lesions of the dentate gyrus and mammillary bodies were able to perform the complex place and cue tasks with minimal problems. In previous research it was found that direct damage to hippocampus (including all cell fields, alveus, fimbria) resulted in impaired performance only on the place task (Jarrard, 1983). Taken together, these findings indicate that interruption of hippocampal input/output pathways and/or damaging some closely related structures has a greater effect on the behaviors studied than does direct damage to hippocampus.
L E Jarrard; H Okaichi; O Steward; R B Goldschmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral neuroscience     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0735-7044     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  1984 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-20     Completed Date:  1985-02-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302411     Medline TA:  Behav Neurosci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  946-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Brain Mapping
Hippocampus / physiology*
Learning / physiology*
Limbic System / physiology
Mamillary Bodies / physiology
Memory / physiology*
Neural Pathways / physiology
Rats, Inbred Strains
Septum Pellucidum / physiology

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