Document Detail

The role of ghrelin in the control of energy balance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22249814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Ghrelin is the only potent orexigenic peptide in circulation. It stimulates food intake and leads to positive energy balance, adipogenesis, and body weight gain. However, the physiological significance of ghrelin in the regulation of energy homeostasis is controversial, since loss of ghrelin function in rodents does not necessarily lead to anorexia and weight loss. In this chapter, we discuss the metabolic function of ghrelin and are highlighting recent findings including the discovery and function of ghrelin-acylating enzyme ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT). Based on available published data, we conclude that ghrelin is a principally important endogenous regulator of energy balance, which however may affect both food intake and systemic metabolism via independent mechanisms. Importantly, ghrelin, when acylated by GOAT, might represent a key molecular link between the sensing of consumed calories and the neuroendocrine control of energy homeostasis. Thus, agents antagonizing the action of ghrelin may have therapeutic potential in the therapy of obesity.
Henriette Kirchner; Kristy M Heppner; Matthias H Tschöp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of experimental pharmacology     Volume:  209     ISSN:  0171-2004     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Exp Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902231     Medline TA:  Handb Exp Pharmacol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Metabolic Diseases Institute, Obesity Research Center, University of Cincinnati, 2180 E. Galbraith Rd, Cincinnati, OH, 54237, USA.
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