Document Detail

The role of gender in fibromyalgia syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11286669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), characterized by widespread pain and tenderness on palpation (tender points), is much more common in women than in men in a proportion of 9:1. Two recent studies have shown important gender differences in various clinical characteristics of FMS. In a community and a clinic sample, women experienced significantly more common fatigue, morning fatigue, hurt all over, total number of symptoms, and irritable bowel syndrome. Women had significantly more tender points. Pain severity, global severity and physical functioning were not significantly different between the sexes, nor were psychologic factors, eg, anxiety, stress, and depression. Gender differences have also been observed in other related syndromes, eg, chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, and headaches. The mechanisms of gender differences in these illnesses are not fully understood, but are likely to involve an interaction between biology, psychology, and sociocultural factors.
M B Yunus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current rheumatology reports     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1523-3774     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Rheumatol Rep     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-05     Completed Date:  2002-02-01     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888970     Medline TA:  Curr Rheumatol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  128-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
College of Medicine at Peoria, University of Illinois, One Illini Drive, PO Box 1649, Peoria, IL 61656, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Fibromyalgia / etiology,  physiopathology*,  psychology
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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