Document Detail

The role of exercise in the rehabilitation of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15711230     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on exercise and clinical assessment in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: Polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis are rare conditions with muscle weakness as a common prominent feature. Earlier, these patients were discouraged from active exercise due to a fear of increased muscle inflammation with recommendations to rest, perform range of motion exercises and in some cases, isometric exercises. However, beginning in the 1990s, studies reported reduced disability in patients with chronic polymyositis/dermatomyositis following resistive mild/moderate to intensive muscular training and aerobic endurance training, without signs of increased muscle inflammation. Patients with active, recent onset disease seem to benefit from mild/moderate muscular exercise without signs of increased muscle inflammation. There is no evidence of increased muscle inflammation following exercise in inclusion body myositis. However the beneficial effects are unclear as one study report increased muscle strength, while the other could not achieve impairment reduction. SUMMARY: Studies evaluating active exercise in IIM support the notion of safety and benefits. However, large multi-center studies are needed to fully establish the safety and benefits of different types of exercise. Data indicate that active exercise, adapted to disease activity and disability should be included in the rehabilitation of patients in all stages of IIM. The newly developed and validated outcome measures for patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis help assess the effects of interventions on disease activity and disability in clinical trials and in clinical practice. However, there are no sensitive and valid outcome measure for patients with inclusion body myositis.
Helene Alexanderson; Ingrid E Lundberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in rheumatology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1040-8711     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Rheumatol     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-15     Completed Date:  2005-06-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000851     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Rheumatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  164-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Therapy, Rheumatology Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Disability Evaluation
Exercise Therapy*
Myositis / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Physical Fitness
Rheumatology / methods*,  trends
Severity of Illness Index
Treatment Outcome

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