Document Detail

The role of dobutamine stress echocardiography in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12506520     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In patients with chronic heart failure, myocardial contractile responsiveness to dobutamine is diminished as a result of beta-receptor desensitization due to chronic adrenergic activation. Changes in beta-receptor effector mechanisms are more marked in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) than in ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. As the magnitude of the dobutamine effect is proportional to the severity of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, the heterogeneous cardiotonic effects of dobutamine in IDCM may represent different evolutive stages of a progressive disease process. On the basis of this pathophysiologic background, some studies were undertaken to investigate the prognostic and functional implications of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in IDCM. Prognostic studies consistently suggest that myocardial response to dobutamine is related to the clinical outcome. However, the limited number of patients and events in the individual studies are important limitations. Moreover, the impact of beta-blockers on the potential ability of DSE to predict the prognosis needs to be assessed. A few studies also suggest that changes in left ventricular systolic function parameters following dobutamine infusion are related to exercise tolerance, as assessed by peak exercise oxygen consumption and functional recovery of the failing myocardium. The data suggest that DSE is a promising method, which may improve the risk stratification process in patients with IDCM and provide further insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying progressive systolic pump dysfunction and exercise intolerance. Further studies are however needed to define the role of DSE in IDCM.
Domenico Scrutinio; Venanzio F Napoli; Antonio Ricci; Paolo Rizzon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Italian heart journal : official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1129-471X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ital Heart J     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-31     Completed Date:  2003-06-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909716     Medline TA:  Ital Heart J     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  629-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Divisione di Cardiologia Riabilitativa Fondazione S. Maugeri, IRCCS Via per Mercadante, km 2 70020 Cassano Murge.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Echocardiography, Stress*
Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*
Comment In:
Ital Heart J. 2004 Mar;5(3):245; author reply 245-6   [PMID:  15119511 ]

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