Document Detail


The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23758229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival of renal transplant recipients (RTR) has not improved over the past 20 yr. The question rises to what extent lifestyle factors play a role in post-transplant weight gain and its associated risks after transplantation. METHODS: Twenty-six RTR were measured for body weight, body composition, blood lipids, renal function, dietary intake, and physical activity at six wk, and three, six, and 12 months after transplantation. RESULTS: Weight gain ranged between -2.4 kg and 19.5 kg and was largely due to increase in body fat. RTR who remained body fat stable, showed more daily physical activity (p = 0.014), tended to consume less energy from drinks and dairy (p = 0.054), consumed less mono- and disaccharides (sugars) (p = 0.021) and ate more vegetables (p = 0.043) compared with those who gained body fat. Gain in body fat was strongly related to total cholesterol (r = 0.46, p = 0.017) and triglyceride (r = 0.511, p = 0.011) at one yr after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Gain in adiposity after renal transplantation is related to lifestyle factors such as high consumption of energy-rich drinks, high intake of mono- and disaccharides and low daily physical activity. RCTs are needed to investigate potential benefits of lifestyle intervention on long-term morbidity and mortality.
Authors:
Dorien M Zelle; Trijntje Kok; Manon L Dontje; Eva I Danchell; Gerjan Navis; Willem J van Son; Stephan J L Bakker; Eva Corpeleijn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-0012     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Transplant     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710240     Medline TA:  Clin Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Nephrology, Groningen.
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