Document Detail


The role of diet in the prevention and treatment of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11122788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An impressive body of evidence strongly supports the concept that multiple dietary factors influence blood pressure and that modification of diet can have powerful, beneficial effects on this highly prevalent, yet modifiable, cardiovascular risk factor. Dietary therapies with a proven ability to lower blood pressure include reduced sodium intake, weight loss, moderation of alcohol intake, increased potassium intake, and a diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products that is low in fat and cholesterol. Several other dietary factors, such as an increased intake of protein or monounsaturated fatty acids, may also reduce blood pressure, but evidence to date is insufficient for policy recommendations. Still, widespread implementation of those therapies with a proven ability to lower blood pressure should have an enormous impact on the adverse patterns of blood pressure that remain highly prevalent in the United States and most other countries.
Authors:
L J Appel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1523-3804     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-26     Completed Date:  2001-07-12     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  521-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 2024 East Monument Street, Suite 2-645, Baltimore, MD 21205-2223, USA. lappel@welch.jhu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alcohol Drinking
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
Diet, Fat-Restricted
Fruit
Humans
Hypertension / diet therapy*,  epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Potassium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage
United States / epidemiology
Vegetables
Weight Loss
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Potassium, Dietary; 0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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