Document Detail


The role of deployment of attention in the overlearning reversal effect (ORE) with aggressive and nonaggressive stimuli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8337328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study elucidated the role of deployment of attention in the appearance and magnitude of the overlearning reversal effect (ORE) with simultaneously occurring aggressive and neutral stimulus dimensions in a discrimination reversal-shift paradigm with 60 undergraduate college students. Confirming expectations, significantly larger overlearning reversal effect (ORE) was produced on the number of instrumental response errors and verbalized attentional errors with the less complex and less salient neutral, relevant-stimulus dimension. The findings that greater ORE, as reflected in attentional errors, was observed with the less salient but also less complex neutral stimulus dimension support the attentional explanations of the ORE phenomenon. These results contrast with those observed with traditional geometric stimulus material where greater complexity is associated with greater ORE.
Authors:
J P Szalai; M Eagle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological reports     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0033-2941     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Rep     Publication Date:  1993 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-25     Completed Date:  1993-08-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376475     Medline TA:  Psychol Rep     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1195-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Research Design and Biostatistics, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression / psychology*
Attention*
Discrimination Learning
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Recall
Overlearning*
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Reversal Learning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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