Document Detail

The role of decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of uncontrollable post-traumatic intracranial hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11450054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The benefit of decompressive craniectomy for the treatment of uncontrolled post-traumatic intracranial hypertension seems to be encouraging if medical management fails. We present our experience in 22 cases of cerebral edema due to head trauma. The edema alone was rarely the direct consequence of head trauma. Frequently it was associated with an acute subdural or extradural hematoma and contusion (with or without mass effect). First of all we treated the mass effect of the hematoma and contusion when the diameter was more than 3 cm. Intracranial pressure was monitored in the majority of patients. Bone decompression was performed in the operating theatre depending on the values of intracranial pressure. In our series 41% of patients had a good recovery, 18% a severe disability, 23% a vegetative state and 18% died. The findings showed that the bony decompression must be performed early before the situation becomes irreversible. We suggest that if intracranial pressure values remain greater than 30 mmHg with cerebral perfusion pressure below 70 mmHg, despite vigorous anti-edema therapy, decompressive craniectomy should be considered.
G P De Luca; L Volpin; U Fornezza; P Cervellini; M Zanusso; L Casentini; D Curri; M Piacentino; G Bozzato; F Colombo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0065-1419     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neurochir. Suppl.     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-13     Completed Date:  2001-08-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100962752     Medline TA:  Acta Neurochir Suppl     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Neurosurgery, Vicenza City Hospital, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Damage, Chronic / etiology,  mortality
Brain Edema / mortality,  surgery*
Brain Injuries / mortality,  surgery*
Decompression, Surgical*
Hematoma, Subdural / mortality,  surgery
Intracranial Hypertension / mortality,  surgery*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / etiology,  mortality
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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