Document Detail

The role of cholesterol and statins in stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19091169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Flawed observational studies find weak associations between high cholesterol and ischemic stroke, and low cholesterol and hemorrhagic stroke. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides each appear to have individual effects on stroke risk and type. Statins decrease the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with coronary disease, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. They also significantly decrease the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with recent cerebrovascular disease, while potentially increasing the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage. Lower achieved cholesterol values are associated with greater reductions in stroke risk. Besides their cholesterol-lowering properties, statins are also pleiotropic agents with various neuroprotective mechanisms. Neurologic disability and infarct size are decreased in patients administered statins during stroke. Mortality and neurologic deterioration are higher in patients with statin cessation during acute ischemic stroke. Cholesterol is a modifiable risk factor for stroke, and statins are excellent agents for prophylaxis and acute therapy.
Babak B Navi; Alan Z Segal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current cardiology reports     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1534-3170     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Cardiol Rep     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-18     Completed Date:  2009-03-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888969     Medline TA:  Curr Cardiol Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Weill-Cornell Medical Center, 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cholesterol / physiology*
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
Hypercholesterolemia / complications,  drug therapy*
Stroke / blood,  etiology*,  prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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