Document Detail


The role of c-Myb in the up-regulation of methionine adenosyltransferase 2A expression in activated Jurkat cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11115410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) is a critical cellular enzyme which catalyses the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), the principal methyl donor. In mammals, two different genes, MAT1A and MAT2A, encode liver-specific and non-liver-specific MATs, respectively. SAM level increases during T-lymphocyte activation and is required for proliferation. A major mechanism for the increase in SAM level is increased MAT2A transcription. In the current work we examined the molecular mechanism of increased MAT2A expression in activated Jurkat cells. Treatment of Jurkat cells with interleukin-2 (IL-2), PMA or PMA plus phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) resulted in a 2-fold increase in MAT2A mRNA levels and a 2-fold increase in luciferase activity driven by the transfected human MAT2A promoter construct -571/+60 but not -270/+60. The region -571 to -270 of the human MAT2A contains a c-Myb consensus binding site. c-Myb is known to be induced during T-lymphocyte activation and its mRNA level was increased after treatment of Jurkat cells with IL-2, PMA or PMA plus PHA. Increased nuclear binding to the MAT2A c-Myb site was confirmed on electrophoretic mobility-shift and supershift analyses. Mutation of the MAT2A c-Myb site abolished the stimulatory effect of these agents on c-Myb nuclear binding and MAT2A promoter activities. Overexpression of c-Myb increased MAT2A promoter activity by 2-fold. Dexamethasone, a known inhibitor of lymphocyte activation, blocked the effect of these agents on MAT2A expression by preventing the increase in c-Myb expression.
Authors:
Z Zeng; H Yang; Z Z Huang; C Chen; J Wang; S C Lu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Biochemical journal     Volume:  353     ISSN:  0264-6021     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. J.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-26     Completed Date:  2001-02-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984726R     Medline TA:  Biochem J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-168     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, USC Liver Disease Research Center, Department of Medicine, HMR Bldg. 415, USC School of Medicine, 2011 Zonal Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033, U.S.A.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cell Extracts
DNA / genetics,  metabolism
Dexamethasone / pharmacology
Genes, Reporter / genetics
Humans
Interleukin-2 / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology
Jurkat Cells
Lymphocyte Activation* / drug effects
Methionine Adenosyltransferase / genetics,  metabolism*
Nuclear Proteins / genetics,  metabolism
Phytohemagglutinins / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology
Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myb / genetics,  metabolism*
RNA, Messenger / genetics,  metabolism
Response Elements / genetics
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / antagonists & inhibitors,  pharmacology
Transfection
Up-Regulation* / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cell Extracts; 0/Interleukin-2; 0/Nuclear Proteins; 0/Phytohemagglutinins; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myb; 0/RNA, Messenger; 16561-29-8/Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate; 50-02-2/Dexamethasone; 9007-49-2/DNA; EC 2.5.1.6/Methionine Adenosyltransferase
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