Document Detail


The role of baseline in the cutaneous vasoconstrictor responses during combined local and whole body cooling in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17906104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous work showed that local cooling (LC) attenuates the vasoconstrictor response to whole body cooling (WBC). We tested the extent to which this attenuation was due to the decreased baseline skin blood flow following LC. In eight subjects, skin blood flow was assessed using laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was expressed as LDF divided by blood pressure. Subjects were dressed in water-perfused suits to control WBC. Four forearm sites were prepared with microdialysis fibers, local heating/cooling probe holders, and laser-Doppler probes. Three sites were locally cooled from 34 to 28 degrees C, reducing CVC to 45.9 +/- 3.9, 42 +/- 3.9, and 44.5 +/- 4.8% of baseline (P < 0.05 vs. baseline; P > 0.05 among sites). At two sites, CVC was restored to precooling baseline levels with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or isoproterenol (Iso), increasing CVC to 106.4 +/- 12.4 and 98.9 +/- 10.1% of baseline, respectively (P > 0.05 vs. precooling). Whole body skin temperature, apart from the area of blood flow measurement, was reduced from 34 to 31 degrees C. Relative to the original baseline, CVC decreased (P < 0.05) by 44.9 +/- 2.8 (control), 11.3 +/- 2.4 (LC only), 29 +/- 3.7 (SNP), and 45.8 +/- 8.7% (Iso). The reductions at LC only and SNP sites were less than at control or Iso sites (P < 0.05); the responses at those latter sites were not different (P > 0.05), suggesting that the baseline change in CVC with LC is important in the attenuation of reflex vasoconstrictor responses to WBC.
Authors:
Gary J Hodges; Wojciech A Kosiba; Kun Zhao; Guy E Alvarez; John M Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-09-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  293     ISSN:  0363-6135     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-08     Completed Date:  2008-01-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H3187-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Cold Temperature
Female
Homeostasis / physiology*
Humans
Male
Reflex / physiology*
Skin / blood supply*
Skin Physiological Phenomena*
Vasoconstriction / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-59166/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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