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A role for atypical cadherin celsr3 in hippocampal maturation and connectivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23035085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Atypical cadherin Celsr3, a regulator of planar cell polarity, is critical for the development of the axonal blueprint. We previously showed that expression of Celsr3 is necessary to establish forebrain connections such as the anterior commissure and thalamocortical and corticospinal tracts. The requirement for Celsr3 during hippocampal wiring and its action in the hippocampus remain largely unexplored. Here, we compared the connectivity and maturation of the hippocampal formation in Celsr3|Foxg1 and Celsr3|Dlx mice. Celsr3 is inactivated in the whole telencephalon, including the hippocampal primordium, in Celsr3|Foxg1 mice, and in the early basal telencephalon, including ganglionic eminences and ventral diencephalon, in Celsr3|Dlx mice. Behavioral tests showed that both mutants were hyperactive and had impaired learning and memory. Abnormal cytoarchitecture of CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus was found in the Celsr3|Foxg1 mutant, in which afferent and efferent hippocampal pathways, as well as intrinsic connections, were dramatically disrupted. In Celsr3|Dlx mutant mice, hippocampal cytoarchitecture was mildly affected and extrinsic and intrinsic connectivity moderately disturbed. In both mutants, pyramidal neurons in CA1 harbored atrophic dendritic trees, with decreased synapse density and increased proportion of symmetric versus asymmetric synapses, and long-term potentiation was altered. In contrast, mutant hippocampal neurons extended neurites that were normal, even longer than those of control neurons, indicating that anomalies in vivo are secondary to defective connections. Postnatal neurogenesis was preserved and mutant interneurons were able to migrate to the hippocampus. Thus, like in neocortex, Celsr3 is required for hippocampal development, connectivity and function, and for pyramidal cell maturation.
Authors:
Jia Feng; Ying Xu; Meizhi Wang; Yiwen Ruan; Kwok-Fai So; Fadel Tissir; Andre Goffinet; Libing Zhou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1529-2401     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102140     Medline TA:  J Neurosci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13729-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Joint Laboratory for Brain Function and Health, Jinan University and the University of Hong Kong, Medical School of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, People's Republic of China, Department of Anatomy, the University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China, and Institute of Neuroscience, Université Catholique de Louvain, B1200 Brussels, Belgium.
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