Document Detail


The role and application of enterococci in food and health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16216368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The genus Enterococcus is the most controversial group of lactic acid bacteria. Studies on the microbiota of many traditional cheeses in the Mediterranean countries have indicated that enterococci play an important role in the ripening of these cheeses, probably through proteolysis, lipolysis, and citrate breakdown, hence contributing to their typical taste and flavour. Enterococci are also present in other fermented foods, such as sausages and olives. However, their role in these products has not been fully elucidated. Furthermore, the production of bacteriocins by enterococci is well documented. Moreover, enterococci are nowadays used as probiotics. At the same time, however, enterococci have been associated with a number of human infections. Several virulence factors have been described and the number of vancomycin-resistant enterococci is increasing. The controversial nature of enterococci has prompted an enormous increase in scientific papers and reviews in recent years, where researchers have been divided into two groups, namely pro and contra enterococci. To the authors' impression, the negative traits have been focused on very extensively. The aim of the present review is to give a balanced overview of both beneficial and virulence features of this divisive group of microorganisms, because it is only acquaintance with both sides that may allow their safe exploitation as starter cultures or co-cultures.
Authors:
M R Foulquié Moreno; P Sarantinopoulos; E Tsakalidou; L De Vuyst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2005-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food microbiology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0168-1605     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-26     Completed Date:  2006-02-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412849     Medline TA:  Int J Food Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Group of Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation Technology and Downstream Processing (IMDO), Department of Applied Biological Sciences and Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteriocins / biosynthesis
Cheese / microbiology*
Consumer Product Safety
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Enterococcus* / drug effects,  metabolism,  pathogenicity
Fermentation
Food Microbiology*
Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology,  microbiology*
Humans
Probiotics*
Virulence
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bacteriocins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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