Document Detail


The role of ambulatory ST-segment monitoring in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease: comparison with exercise testing and thallium scintigraphy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3569309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The value of ambulatory ST-segment monitoring in the detection of underlying coronary artery disease was investigated in one hundred consecutive patients who underwent exercise testing and coronary arteriography for chest pain. Forty-seven also had thallium-201 radioisotope imaging performed. Six of the 26 patients with normal coronary arteries and 52 of the 74 patients with significant coronary artery disease had ST-segment changes during 48 h of ambulatory monitoring (sensitivity 77%). In comparison, the sensitivity of conventional exercise testing was 73% and specificity was 81%. Previous myocardial infarction did not influence the results, but patients with poor left ventricular function more often had absence of ambulatory ST-segment changes. Three-vessel coronary artery disease was detected more efficiently (sensitivity 80%), compared with single vessel disease (sensitivity 50%). Thallium scintigraphy demonstrated defects of uptake in nine patients without ambulatory ST-segment changes (sensitivity 82%, specificity 71%). The majority of these patients had small inferior or posterior defects in thallium uptake. Only one patient with ambulatory ST-segment changes had normal coronary arteries and demonstrable spasm. Thus, ambulatory ST-segment monitoring is as valuable as stress testing in the detection of coronary artery disease and in addition helps detect patients with coronary spasm and normal coronary arteries.
Authors:
A Quyyumi; T Crake; C Wright; L Mockus; K Fox
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0195-668X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1987 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-06-08     Completed Date:  1987-06-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ambulatory Care
Angina Pectoris / diagnosis
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
Electrocardiography / methods*
Exercise Test*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
Radioisotopes / diagnostic use*
Thallium / diagnostic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioisotopes; 7440-28-0/Thallium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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