Document Detail


The role of H1 and H2-receptors in the coronary vascular response to histamine of isolated perfused hearts of guinea-pigs and rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1174766     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The effects of histamine on the isolated perfused hearts of guinea-pigs and rabbits were examined. Records of contractile force, heart rate and coronary perfusion pressure were obtained. 2. Histamine exerted positive inotropic and chronotropic effects which were antagonized by burimamide and attributed to stimulation of H2-receptors. 3. The coronary vascular response to histamine differed between guinea-pigs and rabbits. In guinea-pig hearts, three phases were apparent: (a) An initial vasodilatation preceding any effects on heart force and rate was antagonized by mepyramine and therefore mediated by histamine H1-receptors in the coronary circulation. (b) A secondary vasoconstriction was attributed to the increased myocardial compression during the positive inotropic and chronotropic responses. (c) The final, more predominant, component was a prolonged vasodilatation probably associated with the increased metabolic activity of the heart. 4. The latter two components were abolished together with the myocardial responses by burimamide. The remaining coronary vascular response was biphasic, consisting of a vasodilatation immediately followed by vasoconstriction. Both were antagonized by mepyramine and therefore mediated by H1-receptors. 5. The coronary vascular response of rabbit hearts was similar but no direct vasodilatation was observed and it was concluded that histamine receptors in the coronary vasculature involve only vasoconstriction.
Authors:
K J Broadley
Related Documents :
10666076 - Reduced no-dependent arteriolar dilation during the development of cardiomyopathy.
8124786 - Coronary flow reserve calculated from pressure measurements in humans. validation with ...
3177676 - Pulmonary inflation reflex: its lack of physiological significance in coronary circulat...
2484696 - Generation of no from molsidomine (sin-1) in vitro and its relationship to changes in c...
3195476 - Effects of type a behavioral counseling and severity of prior acute myocardial infarcti...
16095796 - Effect of transthoracic shocks on left ventricular function.
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of pharmacology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0007-1188     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1975 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-12-30     Completed Date:  1975-12-30     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502536     Medline TA:  Br J Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  511-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Burimamide / pharmacology
Coronary Vessels / physiology*
Female
Guinea Pigs
Heart / drug effects*
Heart Rate / drug effects
Histamine / pharmacology,  physiology*
Male
Muscle, Smooth / drug effects
Pyrilamine / pharmacology
Receptors, Drug / drug effects
Species Specificity
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Drug; 34970-69-9/Burimamide; 51-45-6/Histamine; 91-84-9/Pyrilamine
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Prostaglandin release from cat and dog spleen.
Next Document:  Attainment and adjustment in two geographical areas. II--The prevalence of specific reading retardat...