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The role of GAP1 gene in the nitrogen metabolism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during wine fermentation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19302302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the relevance of the general amino acid permease gene (GAP1) of the wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on nitrogen metabolism and fermentation performance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We constructed a gap1 mutant in a wine strain. We compared fermentation rate, biomass production and nitrogen consumption between the gap1 mutant and its parental strain during fermentations with different nitrogen concentrations. The fermentation capacity of the gap1 mutant strain was impaired in the nitrogen-limited and -excessive conditions. The nitrogen consumption rate between the wild strain and the mutant was different for some amino acids, especially those affected by nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR). The deletion of GAP1 gene also modified the gene expression of other permeases. CONCLUSIONS: The Gap1 permease seems to be important during wine fermentations with low and high nitrogen content, not only because of its amino acid transporter role but also because of its function as an amino acid sensor. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: A possible biotechnological advantage of a gap1 mutant is its scarce consumption of arginine, whose metabolism has been related to the production of the carcinogenic ethyl carbamate.
Authors:
R Chiva; I Baiges; A Mas; J M Guillamon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1365-2672     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biotecnologia Enològica, Departament de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Facultat de Enologia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.
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