Document Detail

The risk of medullary thyroid carcinoma in patients with Hirschsprung's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17021738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) can be associated with the development of neuroendocrine tumours such as medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The RET proto-oncogene is the major gene responsible for both HD and MTC. Mutations in exon 10 (codons 609, 611, 618, 620) were found in patients with co-occurrence of HD and MTC. The aim of the study was to screen the MTC risk in patients with HD. The prospective and retrospective genetic analyses comprised 56 HD patients (41 males, 15 females, aged 0-47). The prospective subgroup of patients consisted of 34 patients (25 boys, 9 girls) operated on between June 2003 and December 2005. The retrospective subgroup comprised 22 patients (16 boys, 6 girls) of 194 patients who were operated on between December 1979 and May 2003, non-systematically chosen preferably for total colonic aganglionosis (TCA). DNAs were isolated from blood and resected segments of aganglionic bowel. The HD patients and nine available family members (2 HD) were tested for RET mutations in exons 10, 11, 13, 14, 15 and 16. Direct double-stranded fluorescent sequencing revealed typical germline heterozygous MTC risk RET mutations in 3/56 (5.4%) female HD patients: Cys609Tyr, Cys620Arg (both exon 10) and Tyr791Phe (exon 13). Two of these patients had TCA and one patient had classical type of HD. One TCA patient developed clinical stage of MTC and underwent total thyroidectomy (TTE). The other two RET positive HD patients (aged 7 and 25 years) are screened for calcitonin level and they are without TTE till now. Two family members (mothers of TCA patients) with detected RET mutation underwent prophylactic TTE with MTC finding. Results showed the benefit of systematic RET mutation screening in HD patients in order to identify the risk of MTC in preclinical stage of the disease in patients with HD and their family members. We recommend to investigate not only exon 10 but also exon 13.
Richard Skába; Sárka Dvoráková; Eliska Václavíková; Petr Vlcek; Miroslava Frantlová; Bela Bendlová
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric surgery international     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0179-0358     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Surg. Int.     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-22     Completed Date:  2007-02-27     Revised Date:  2012-06-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609169     Medline TA:  Pediatr Surg Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Surgery of the 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Hospital Prague - Motol, V Uvalu 84, 150 06 Prague, Czech Republic.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinoma, Medullary / epidemiology,  genetics*
Child, Preschool
Germ-Line Mutation
Hirschsprung Disease / epidemiology,  genetics*
Middle Aged
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret / genetics
Thyroid Neoplasms / epidemiology,  genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Proteins c-ret; EC protein, human

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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