Document Detail


A review of violent and traumatic deaths in Kathmandu, Nepal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16943165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective was to study the external causes of death reported in the autopsy centre in Kathmandu, Nepal. A retrospective review of case report documentation of all violent and traumatic death autopsies was conducted in Kathmandu from mid-July 2000 to mid-July 2004. A total of 4383 autopsies were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine in Kathmandu. There were 1072 (25%) cases of suicide, 380 (9%) homicide, 1399 (32%) accidental, 598 (14%) deaths as a result of natural diseases and 923 (21%) undetermined causes of death. The number of males was almost twice that of females (sex ratio 2.2:1). Persons aged 15 to 44 years comprised about two-thirds of the total reported fatalities (65.4%). Suicides were mostly reported due to hanging, homicides mostly due to firearms and explosives, accidents mostly due to road traffic injuries. More than 60% of road traffic injuries resulted among pedestrians. Suicides, homicides and accidental deaths remain a poorly identified public health issue in Nepal. Medico-legal autopsy reports can serve as an important tool in understanding fatalities from violence and injuries for countries similar to Nepal. Strengthening a regular mechanism for compilation and utilization of the information, however, remains a major challenge.
Authors:
Gyanendra Sharma; Pramod K Shrestha; Harihar Wasti; Tulsi Kadel; Pratima Ghimire; Saraswati Dhungana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of injury control and safety promotion     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1745-7300     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-31     Completed Date:  2006-10-31     Revised Date:  2009-12-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247254     Medline TA:  Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute for Injury Prevention, GPO Box 14165, Kathmandu, Nepal. niip@wlink.com.np
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Medical Audit
Middle Aged
Nepal / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Violence / classification*
Wounds and Injuries / mortality*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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