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A review of topical negative pressure therapy in wound healing: sufficient evidence?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21421104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Topical negative pressure (TNP) therapy has become a useful adjunct in the management of various types of wounds. However, the TNP system still has characteristics of a "black box" with uncertain efficacy for many users. We extensively examined the effectiveness of TNP therapy reported in research studies.
DATA SOURCES: A database search was undertaken, and over 400 peer-reviewed articles related to the use of TNP therapy (animal, human, and in vitro studies) were identified.
CONCLUSIONS: Almost all encountered studies were related to the use of the commercial VAC device (KCI Medical, United States). Mechanisms of action that can be attributed to TNP therapy are an increase in blood flow, the promotion of angiogenesis, a reduction of wound surface area in certain types of wounds, a modulation of the inhibitory contents in wound fluid, and the induction of cell proliferation. Edema reduction and bacterial clearance, mechanisms that were attributed to TNP therapy, were not proven in basic research.
C M Mouës; F Heule; S E R Hovius
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of surgery     Volume:  201     ISSN:  1879-1883     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370473     Medline TA:  Am J Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-56     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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