Document Detail


A review of policies on alcohol use during pregnancy in Australia and other English-speaking countries, 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17484709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is well accepted that heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a risk factor for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, but research findings for exposure to low to moderate alcohol levels during pregnancy are equivocal, allowing a range of interpretations. The 2001 guideline from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) for low-risk drinking for "women who are pregnant or might soon become pregnant" recommends fewer than seven standard drinks per week, and no more than two standard drinks on any one day. This position has polarised health professional and consumer opinion in Australia. The NHMRC guidelines on alcohol are scheduled for review in 2007. We surveyed the alcohol and pregnancy policies and clinical practice guidelines of Australia and six other English-speaking countries to identify current policy. Documents were obtained through Internet searches and direct contact with the relevant organisations. The policies and guidelines varied both across and within countries, and the NHMRC guideline, while not universally supported in Australia, is in step with the policies of the United Kingdom and Canada. Research is needed to elucidate the true association between low to moderate alcohol consumption and fetal harm, the impact of different policies on rates of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and any untoward outcomes of an abstinence message, to inform and underpin future policy development in Australia.
Authors:
Colleen M O'Leary; Louise Heuzenroeder; Elizabeth J Elliott; Carol Bower
Related Documents :
17346779 - Residents' particle exposures in six different communities in taiwan.
17643489 - Fish consumption in pregnancy, cord blood mercury level and cognitive and psychomotor d...
18222969 - Fetal learning about ethanol and later ethanol responsiveness: evidence against "safe" ...
7264859 - Fetal alcohol syndrome.
2763209 - Determinants of recall and recall bias in studying drug and chemical exposure in pregna...
10063949 - Crack-cocaine-associated aortic dissection in early pregnancy--a case report.
683629 - The estriol/creatinine ratio in a random urine sample as a screening test.
20848729 - Ovulation induction in polycystic ovary syndrome: no. 242, may 2010.
20970129 - In vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcomes in single- versus doub...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Australia     Volume:  186     ISSN:  0025-729X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Aust.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-08     Completed Date:  2007-06-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400714     Medline TA:  Med J Aust     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  466-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Population Sciences and Centre for Child Health Research, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research and University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia. colleeno@ichr.uwa.edu.au
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
Australia
Female
Health Policy*
Humans
Practice Guidelines as Topic*
Preconception Care
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control*
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Med J Aust. 2007 Sep 3;187(5):315-6; author reply 316   [PMID:  17879459 ]
Med J Aust. 2007 Sep 3;187(5):315; author reply 316   [PMID:  17767442 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Prediabetes: a position statement from the Australian Diabetes Society and Australian Diabetes Educa...
Next Document:  Mushroom worker's lung: organic dust exposure in the spawning shed.