Document Detail

A review on ochratoxin A occurrence and effects of processing of cereal and cereal derived food products.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20141935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Ochratoxin A (OTA) continues to grab global attention and concern for the hazard and impact that embody for both human and animals, based on its toxicity and occurrence. Despite OTA has been described in a myriad of foodstuffs, cereal and its derivatives remain the major contributors to OTA exposure. For that reason, a critical review on OTA occurrence reported by recent studies worldwide focusing on unprocessed and processed cereal foodstuffs is made in this work. Special attention is drawn to the major cereal derived products, namely flour, bread, breakfast cereals, baby/infant foods and the inherently involved technological food processing methods and its influence on the redistribution and chemical modification of OTA. The paper further examines the factors that influence the OTA content of cereal and its derived products, explicitly the different ecological niches of the ochratoxigenic mycobiota -Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium verrucosum, the agricultural practice involved, harvest procedures and storage conditions, the type of grain, and the nature and extent of technological processing as well as the ultimate stages of analytical quality level of the sampling and analysis of the suspected ingredients or foods.
S C Duarte; A Pena; C M Lino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food microbiology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1095-9998     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-09     Completed Date:  2010-04-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8601127     Medline TA:  Food Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Group of Health Surveillance, Center of Pharmaceutical Studies, University of Coimbra, P?lo III, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal. <>
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MeSH Terms
Aspergillus / growth & development
Cereals / chemistry*,  classification,  microbiology
Food Contamination / analysis*,  statistics & numerical data
Food Handling* / methods
Ochratoxins / analysis*,  chemistry
Penicillium / growth & development
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ochratoxins; 303-47-9/ochratoxin A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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