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A review of melatonin as a suitable antioxidant against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and clinical heart diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25230580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Cardiac tissue loss is one of the most important factors leading to the unsatisfactory recovery even after treatment of ischemic heart disease. Melatonin, a circadian molecule with marked antioxidant properties, protects against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. In particular, the myocardial protection of melatonin is substantial. We initially focus on the cardioprotective effects of melatonin in myocardial IR. These studies showed how melatonin preserves the microstructure of the cardiomyocyte and reduces myocardial IR injury. Thereafter, downstream signaling pathways of melatonin were summarized including Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), nitric oxide (NO)-synthase (NOS), and nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), etc. Herein, we propose the clinical applications of melatonin in several ischemic heart diseases. Collectively, the information summarized in this review (based on in vitro, animal, and human studies) should serve as a comprehensive reference for the action of melatonin in cardioprotection and hopefully will contribute to the design of future experimental research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Yang Yang; Yang Sun; Wei Yi; Yue Li; Chongxi Fan; Zhenlong Xin; Shuai Jiang; Shouyin Di; Yan Qu; Russel J Reiter; Dinghua Yi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pineal research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-079X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pineal Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8504412     Medline TA:  J Pineal Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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