Document Detail

A review of the literature on the application of blood ammonia measurement in sports science.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10925811     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article summarizes previous studies on blood ammonia levels in relation to exercise. The dynamics of blood ammonia were reviewed with consideration to its production, removal, and distribution in various tissue compartments. During intense exercise, the primary source of ammonia is adenosine monophosphate deamination. Catabolism of branched-chain amino acids becomes important during submaximal exercise. Ammonia response to various types of exercise was also compared to lactate response. A comprehensive summary on factors affecting blood ammonia levels is provided. These reveal the possibility of applying blood ammonia measurement in monitoring and prescribing exercise, indirect measurement of muscle fiber composition, and muscle glycogen levels. However, more studies need to be conducted to evaluate these possibilities before blood ammonia measurement can be widely used.
Y Yuan; K M Chan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-15     Completed Date:  2000-12-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Ammonia / blood*,  metabolism
Exercise / physiology*
Glycogen / metabolism
Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / metabolism
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Running / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
7664-41-7/Ammonia; 9005-79-2/Glycogen

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