Document Detail

A review of the female athlete triad (amenorrhea, osteoporosis and disordered eating).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12467202     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The number of women participating in organized sports has increased dramatically over the past 30 years. The female athlete triad is a condition seen with increasing frequency in young athletes and is characterized by the triad of amenorrhea, disordered eating and osteoporosis. The triad is caused by an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure and can be associated with significant medical morbidity. It occurs most frequently in sports emphasizing a lean appearance. Early recognition and intervention are essential. In an adolescent athlete, amenorrhea should be considered an indicator of a potential problem and should not simply be attributed to a consequence of training. The athlete should be evaluated for an underlying eating disorder and tested for osteoporosis. Principles of treatment include reducing the intensity of training until menses resume, increasing caloric intake, ensuring adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, encouraging weight-bearing exercise where appropriate, and consideration of hormone replacement therapy. Prevention, through education will help ensure the health and safety of young female athletes.
Neville H Golden
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of adolescent medicine and health     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0334-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Publication Date:    2002 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-06     Completed Date:  2002-12-27     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506960     Medline TA:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Schneider Children's Hospital, Division of Adolescent Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amenorrhea / etiology,  prevention & control*
Eating Disorders / prevention & control*
Human Development
Osteoporosis / etiology,  prevention & control*
Risk Factors
Women's Health*

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