Document Detail

A review of delayed ischemic neurologic deficit following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: historical overview, current treatment, and pathophysiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20934153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Delayed ischemic neurologic deficit (DIND) is a serious and poorly understood complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Although advances in treatment have improved prognosis for these patients, long-term clinical outcomes remain disappointing. Historically, angiographic vasospasm was thought to result in a DIND, although an increasing body of evidence suggests that this is an oversimplification, because interventions that have effectively targeted angiographic vasospasm have not improved outcome. Consequently, the relationship between angiographic vasospasm and neurologic outcome may be associative rather than causative. Although our understanding of the underlying molecular processes and pathophysiology is improving, responsible mediators or pathways have yet to be identified. The aim of this review is to summarize the key historical events that have helped shape our understanding of the pathophysiology of this phenomenon (microcirculation, autoregulation, microthrombosis, inflammation, apoptosis, spreading depolarization, oxidative stress) and to present the evidence underlying current treatment strategies (hemodynamic therapy, oral nimodipine, endovascular therapy, statins, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, thrombolysis, magnesium) and the translational and clinical research investigating DIND.
Yahia Z Al-Tamimi; Nicolas M Orsi; Audrey C Quinn; Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam; Stuart A Ross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World neurosurgery     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1878-8750     ISO Abbreviation:  World Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-11     Completed Date:  2010-11-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528275     Medline TA:  World Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  654-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Ischemia / etiology*,  metabolism,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / complications*,  metabolism,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Vasospasm, Intracranial / etiology,  metabolism,  physiopathology,  surgery

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