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A review on biosynthesis of nanoparticles by marine organisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23202242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Marine organisms produce remarkable nanofabricated structures in cell wall, shells, pearls and fish bones. Marine microorganisms such as bacteria (E. coli, Pseudomonas sp.), cyanobacteria (Spirulina platensis, Oscillatoria willei, Phormidium tenue), yeasts (Pichia capsulata, Rhodospiridium diobovatum), fungi (Thraustochytrium sp., Penicillium fellutanum, Aspergillus niger), and algae (Navicula atomus, Diadesmis gallica, Stauroneis sp. Sargassum wightii, Fucus vesiculosus) are reported to synthesize inorganic nanoparticles either inside or outside cells. Mangroves (Rhizophora mucronata, Xylocarpus mekongensis), salt marshes (Sesuvium portulacastrum and Suaeda sp.) and sand dune (Citrullus colocynthis) are also capable of synthesizing the nanoparticles, in addition to marine animals such as finfish and sponges. Biosynthesis of nanoparticles may be triggered by several compounds such as carbonyl groups, terpenoids, phenolics, flavonones, amines, amides, proteins, pigments, alkaloids and other reducing agents present in the biological extracts. Marine bio-nanotechnology has a great promise in nanomedicines, food stuff, pharmaceuticals and fabric industries for the future.
Authors:
N Asmathunisha; K Kathiresan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces     Volume:  103C     ISSN:  1873-4367     ISO Abbreviation:  Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315133     Medline TA:  Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  283-287     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608502, India.
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