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A review of the adverse side effects associated with antipsychotics as related to their efficacy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25413553     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Since the introduction of antipsychotic medication for the treatment of psychosis, a wide range of different types of antipsychotic drugs have been developed while their side effects have become evident. The side effects of both the typical and atypical generation of antipsychotics have important consequences for the quality of life of recipients, stigma experienced and also the level of care of patients. It is well acknowledged that the side effects of antipsychotics reduce compliance with the medication. In this review the data for an association between typical and atypical antipsychotics and the main side effects that are well-supported in the literature was explored: weight gain and associated metabolic effects; extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia; prolactin elevation and associated sexual effects; QTc elongation; and a group of miscellaneous side effects. It has been demonstrated that the production of adverse effects following the use of antipsychotic medication differs widely both between atypical and typical drugs but also within these subgroups. Considering the wide range of antipsychotics available amongst both groups and the differing effects they have on patients in terms of side effects, there is reason to believe that a more personalised approach to antipsychotic treatment should be considered. Additionally, screening for risk factors, screening for the appearance of side effects, as well as good communication with patients about the side effects and other options available are important tasks for clinicians in order to optimise concordance with medication.
Authors:
Jina Pakpoor; Mark Agius
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatria Danubina     Volume:  26 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0353-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatr Danub     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9424753     Medline TA:  Psychiatr Danub     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  273-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
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