Document Detail


A review of Aboriginal infant mortality rates in Canada: striking and persistent Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal inequities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20524380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The Joint Working Group on First Nations, Indian, Inuit, and Métis Infant Mortality of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System is a collaboration of national Aboriginal organizations and federal and provincial/territorial stakeholders. Our objective was to better understand what is currently known about Aboriginal infant mortality rates (IMR) in Canada.
METHODS: As part of a larger international systematic review of Indigenous IMR calculation, we searched the published literature for original research regarding the calculation of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis infant mortality rates at the national and provincial/territorial level.
SYNTHESIS: We identified major deficiencies in the coverage and quality of infant mortality data for Aboriginal populations in Canada. The review of provincial and territorial reporting of infant mortality for Aboriginal populations revealed substantial provincial and territorial variation in the way that birth and death data were collected. With respect to coverage, high-quality IMRs were available only for Status Indians and communities with a high proportion of Inuit residents. No rates were available for Métis or non-Status Indians.
CONCLUSION: Striking and persistent disparities persist in the IMRs for Status Indians and in communities with a high proportion of Inuit residents, compared to the general Canadian population. There is an urgent need to work in partnership with First Nations, Indian, Inuit, and Métis stakeholder groups to improve the quality and coverage of Aboriginal IMR information and to acquire information that would help to better understand and address the underlying causes of disparities in infant mortality between the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal population in Canada.
Authors:
Janet Smylie; Deshayne Fell; Arne Ohlsson; ;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2010 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-07     Completed Date:  2010-07-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH), St. Michael's Hospital, 70 Richmond Street East, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON M5C 1 N8. janet.smylie@utoronto.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Canada / epidemiology
Health Status Disparities*
Humans
Indians, North American / statistics & numerical data*
Infant
Infant Mortality / ethnology*
Infant, Newborn
Inuits / statistics & numerical data*
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Alenxander Allen / ; Tracy Brown / ; Bulger Kim / ; Claudette Dumont-Smith / ; Deshayne Fell / ; Selma Ford / ; Marie-France Germain / ; Bob Imrie / ; Karen Lawford / ; Cassandra Lei / ; Juan Andrés León / ; John David Martin / ; Patricia O'Campo / ; Arne Ohlsson / ; Louise Pelletier / ; Jennifer Pennock / ; Reg Sauve / ; Heather Tait / ; Barbara Van Haute / ; Ghislaine Villeneuve / ; Russell Wilkins / ; Erin Wolski /
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Can J Public Health. 2010 Sep-Oct;101(5):426; author reply 426   [PMID:  21214061 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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