Document Detail

A retrospective study of the pattern of sexually transmitted diseases during a ten-year period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16394458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Proper knowledge of the patterns of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in different geographical regions is necessary for evolving proper strategies for control of these diseases. AIMS: To study the pattern of STDs and to analyze the changes during a ten-year period from 1990 among patients attending Medical College Hospital, Kottayam. METHODS: Case records of 686 patients with STDs who attended the outpatient wing of the Department of Dermatology and Venereology were studied. RESULTS: There were 504 males and 182 females in the total of 686 patients. Marital contact alone was reported by 123 (67.6%) female patients. Genital ulcer diseases (GUDs) accounted for the maximum number of STDs, with 504 cases (73.5%), followed by condyloma acuminatum (17.5%) and gonorrhea (10.1%). Forty-three patients had multiple infections. The total number of patients during the first year of study was 129, while it was 41 during the last year. Bacterial STDs showed a striking reduction in numbers. The decline was less marked in the case of viral STDs. CONCLUSION: The majority of patients had genital ulcer diseases. Spouses were the most common source of infection for female patients. There was a marked decline in the number of patients with various STDs during the ten-year period. The decline was more evident in the bacterial STDs resulting in an apparent increase of the viral STDs towards the end of the period of study.
Beena Narayanan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0378-6323     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Publication Date:    2005 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-05     Completed Date:  2006-03-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701852     Medline TA:  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical College Hospital, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
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MeSH Terms
Hepatitis B Antigens / analysis
India / epidemiology
Marital Status / statistics & numerical data
Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Sexuality / statistics & numerical data
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology*,  transmission
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hepatitis B Antigens

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