Document Detail


The responses of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) to ultrasound-emitting predators: stress, behavioural changes or debilitation?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18552297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A previous study has reported that Atlantic cod can be conditioned to detect ultrasonic sound pulses of high intensity. This capability has been proposed as a mean for detection and avoidance of echolocating toothed whales that emit intense ultrasonic clicks. In this study, we use acoustic playbacks to test the hypotheses that unconditioned cod can detect and respond to intense ultrasound from toothed whales and from echosounders. Intense ultrasound exposure of 210 dB re. 1microPa (pp) did not cause a short-term stress response in the form of bradycardia in unconditioned cod. Free-swimming cod exposed to ultrasonic clicks and echosounder pulses with received levels of more than 204 dB re. 1 microPa (pp) did not elicit flight responses as seen in ultrasound detecting Alosinae. Furthermore, we tested the debilitating effects of high intensity ultrasound on swimming cod with no detected changes in swimming ability when exposed to more than 213 dB re. 1 microPa (pp). It is concluded that intense ultrasound exposure induces neither an antipredator nor a stress response in Atlantic cod, and that echosounder pulses and biosonar clicks therefore most probably play no ecophysiological role in wild cod populations.
Authors:
Henriette B Schack; Hans Malte; Peter T Madsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  211     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-16     Completed Date:  2008-09-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2079-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Aarhus, Bldn. 1131, Aarhus C, Denmark. henriette@post.au.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Animals
Avoidance Learning / physiology
Behavior, Animal / physiology
Echolocation
Fish Diseases / physiopathology
Gadus morhua / physiology*
Heart Rate
Predatory Behavior / physiology*
Stress, Physiological / physiopathology,  veterinary
Ultrasonics*
Whales / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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