Document Detail


The resolution of case conflicts from a neurophysiological perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16139489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We present two ERP experiments examining the resolution of language processing conflicts involving the multidimensional linguistic feature case, which determines processing in both syntactic and interpretive respects. Ungrammatical German structures with two identically case-marked arguments (double subject or double object constructions) were tested. In earlier studies, double subject constructions have been shown to elicit a biphasic pattern consisting of an N400 effect (a marker of thematic integration problems) followed by a P600 effect (a marker of syntactic ill-formedness). Here, we compare double nominative (subject case) constructions with double datives (indirect object case; Experiment 1) and double accusatives (direct object case; Experiment 2). All types of double case ungrammaticalities elicited a biphasic N400-P600 response. However, double datives differed from double nominatives in that they elicited a larger P600, suggesting that the ill-formedness is more salient in structures with two dative arguments. Double accusatives, by contrast, elicited a stronger N400 in comparison to double nominatives, suggesting that they induce more severe semantic-thematic integration problems. The results demonstrate that the human language comprehension system is sensitive to fine grained linguistic distinctions between different cases and utilizes these in its attempts to solve processing conflicts.
Authors:
Stefan Frisch; Matthias Schlesewsky
Related Documents :
17251599 - An unusual case of stroke in a young patient.
2239129 - Epidemiology of young strokes in rural kashmir, india.
12925929 - Musical alexia for rhythm notation: a discrepancy between pitch and rhythm.
8167609 - The transition process in converting to psychoanalysis.
8053419 - Ergonomics and construction: a review of potential hazards in new construction.
433829 - A computerized word-processing and data system for histology in a private medical labor...
19442969 - Reproductive consequences of genome-wide paternal uniparental disomy mosaicism: descrip...
11489099 - Does observation add to the validity of the long case?
2780909 - Maintenance of airway patency following treatment of choanal atresia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research. Cognitive brain research     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0926-6410     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res Cogn Brain Res     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-17     Completed Date:  2006-01-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214304     Medline TA:  Brain Res Cogn Brain Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  484-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Day-Care Clinic of Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany. frisch@cbs.mpg.de
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Comprehension / physiology*
Conflict (Psychology)*
Electroencephalography
Evoked Potentials / physiology*
Female
Humans
Language*
Models, Psychological
Photic Stimulation
Psycholinguistics
Semantics*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Assessing health-related quality of life in patients suffering from schizophrenia: a comparison of i...
Next Document:  Canine versus in vitro data for predicting input profiles of L-sulpiride after oral administration.