Document Detail


A residential location approach to traffic safety: two case studies from Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21094329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper aims to spatially differentiate the road accident risk associated with living at a certain place of residence. Official accident data usually record the place the accident occurred, but not the casualties' places of residence. Among those involved in an accident at a certain place there may obviously be some non-residents, such as in-commuters and transients. Hence spatial analysis based on place of accident may not be suitable for drawing conclusions about specific risk levels for people living in certain places. People's risk of encountering an accident in areas other than that where they live may vary with their mobility. We report on two case studies for the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony, which are based on casualties' places of residence. We draw on two data sets both of which have specific advantages and disadvantages. From the data we calculate population-based risk figures on the district level and, for Lower Saxony, on the municipality level. For North Rhine-Westphalia these are categorised by age group and transport mode. We also investigate to what extent accident related analyses can be used to estimate residential related risks. The results show that the risk of being killed or seriously injured in a road accident is considerably lower for the population of agglomeration cores than for the suburban and rural population. Macro-economically this means that suburban and rural areas have markedly higher accident costs than cities.
Authors:
Joachim Scheiner; Christian Holz-Rau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  307-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Technische Universität Dortmund, Faculty of Spatial Planning, Department of Transport Planning, August-Schmidt-Str. 10, 44227 Dortmund, Germany. joachim.scheiner@tu-dortmund.de
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