Document Detail

The representation of physically active girls in children's picture books.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23930540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: Borrowing from Tuchman's (1978) concept of symbolic annihilation, the purpose of this study was to explore the ways in which physically active females were represented in children's picture books.
METHOD: Employing a qualitative content analysis methodology (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005), the written and pictorial portrayals of girls' physical activities were analyzed in 10 children's picture books. A directed approach to content analysis (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005) was employed in which the researchers began with predetermined categories that were used to code the text and images.
RESULTS: The findings indicated that the majority of the primary female characters were illustrated wearing appropriate athletic attire that would allow for physical movement. Although all of the primary female characters were depicted as excited about being physically active, 6 of the books described the movement of the primary female characters using action-oriented descriptors. The parents of the primary female characters were identified as the primary source of encouragement and peers were found to be the primary source of discouragement toward the primary female characters' physical activity or sport involvement. The physical abilities of the primary female characters were compared to male peers in 3 of the books.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the 10 books studied provide young girls with imagery and text that encourage female physicality, it is apparent that more books are needed that focus on girls' involvement in sport and physical activity. Meaningful forms of literature that encourage physical activity and sport involvement for girls are needed.
Emily A Roper; Alexandra M Clifton
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Sam Houston State University, P. O. Box 2176, Huntsville, TX 77341, USA.
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